Therefore, does this profusion of perfect images create unrealistic expectations for beginners or casual uw photographers? Are new photographers frustrated when they see so many "perfect" images out there yet can't get the exact same results straight from the camera even with almost perfect strobe positioning? Do new photographers know there is post processing work done on these images or do they expect the same results all the time?
I am not trying to start a debate about post processing etc but rather looking for opinions from newer photographers whether they experience frustration from high expectations due to exposure to social media?
With digital cameras and the ability to view and discuss equipment, photography and photographs over the web ad infinitum (I'm inclined to say ad naseum at times), there now seems to be the expectation of ever 'better' equipment, ever more startling and extraordinary images and ever increasing technical innovation all of which come alongside increasing ease of use and creation. [Social media and forums I would add]. Perhaps there is simply a mismatch between expectations of output related to input effort in that people now expect technology to overcome what they see as minor inconveniences (such as backscatter) rather than seeing themselves as part of the input in manually having to remove backscatter - after all cameras can now remove dust marks so why shouldn't backscatter removal be automated and web photos show no backscatter so .....
I'm not so sure that you can actually limit the unrealistic expectations to backscatter.
Alex makes an interesting point though because I've noticed an unceasing (?) trend towards the use of black backgrounds again (underwater photography is a bit faddy and does go through phases) and his post may have explained why - this morning the BBC news reported that web accessing by 'phones has now overtaken accessing through laptops.....
When digital information is underexposed, chips will strain to record information in the deeper values, and in doing so will produce digital noise.
Ummmm. The darkest areas in the image will be just that - dark. Noise is only produced when you increase the gain (i.e. amplify the signal), so brightening/lightening shadow areas will increase their noise level - very simple. If they are important (more so than highlights) then underexposing them will lead to increased noise when adjusting later. Its got nothing to do with ETTR and lots to do with exposing for your preconceived requirement of output. ETTR in itself is in essence overexposing and as I have said before, can lead to tonal anomalies. So correct exposure must be made on the basis of the subject. Until we get sensors able to record much wider contrast ratios we are always going to be compromising somewhere. I don't see any real advantage to ETTR even in the low contrast conditions (which we compensate for by using flash) underwater. Gurus are great but actual practice is even better IMO.
I have tried experimenting with ETTR and 'normal' exposure. My personal conclusion is that ETTR offers little if any advantages in practice. My opinion FWIW, is that any increased information supplied by the biased exposure is IMO often undermined by subtle but often irritating shifts in tonality produced when readjusting exposure in post, which then require additional adjustment and on occasion I have found that they cannot be thoroughly compensated for. Blown highlights on the other hand are blown. In situations where the contrast is far too high for the sensor to handle I tend to try to decide what can be blown, if anything, and expose accordingly.
On the subject of ISO, I tend, on my land cameras (digital Leicas), never to adjust from base ISO (160) and adjust/compensate underexposure in post. If you think about it, increasing ISO is pre-setting another adjustment in-camera - in this case 'gain'. Software has become good enough to allow 'gain' to be applied afterwards, to an underexposed shot. In many circumstances anyway. Problems do occur if too much ''gain is applied to the deepest shadows where banding can occur. With the Leicas this is almost negligible, on my Canons it can be a problem - clearly they are slightly different somehow (CCD vs. CMOS?).
And when all is said and done I've also tried experimenting with 'inadequate exposure' and find that post processing can actually produce very acceptable results from mis-judged exposures. My own personal rules on photographic technique are that there are no rules. Photography is practical, if in doubt about what something will produce, try it and be objective about the results. It can be surprising and disconcerting.
Glass usually require special polishing and the problem is that grinding the damage away effectively can lead to heat build up which can shatter the glass - I know! But it is as you say, worth a try - find a glass repair specialist if you can.
Why not ask the Aquatica about it? It may still be cheaper to have a new glass dome fitted than repace the whole port.
I guess the question is whether movie magic should be reserved for fiction, and natural history documentaries should endeavor to retain a certain sense of truth.
As I see it, the problem IS defining truth. There is often an emphasis on filming 'rare' or previously unseen/unrecorded events in documentary film making. This in itself skews the viewer's perception of the natural world, as do many stills photographs. We seem to live in an increasingly 'virtual' world (laser pistols were used at the Olympics instead of air pistols as an example - do they really form part of a physical sport I wonder?) and the lines between fact, representation and fiction are IMHO blurring more than ever. I suppose my take is that if it does some good and it raises profiles and safeguards and allows animals to get on with living in the wild, then so be it. Claiming any natural history documentary is 'true to life' is actually quite difficult as any editing will form an impression in the viewer's mind which is potentially distorted by the condensation of time if nothing else. I suppose that claiming 'true to life' is where the dishonesty can appear - films and documentaries are all representational at the end of the day and it is important to appreciate this when viewing them and enjoy them for what they are.
I imagine that this will be challenged in the EU as it will affect many non-UK photographer's too and will undoubtedly enrich lawyers with the potential violations and infringements that it will potentially lead to. I would say that this is a case of the insane running the asylum but I'm not sure that the word running is at all applicable. Why are we governed by such morons?
I use the Canon 24/1.4 - it gives a very bright viewfinder image but cannot be used at fast apertures due to being behind a dome port. As a 24mm lens with fast AF and a bright viewfinder it should be great though.
Am curious about the Yarell's blenny shot- do you get many sightings of these little guys?
Yes, mostly in Scotland, but I have seen them in north Wales too (I think the largest caught by an angler was in north Wales). I don't think I've actually seen one in Ireland though but I haven't dived much north of Mayo.